Elaboration, characterization and applications of SnO2, 2 %Gd-SnO2 and 2 %Gd-9 %F-SnO2 thin films for the photocatalytic degradation of MB by USP method

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
In this study, SnO2, 2 %Gd-SnO2, and 2 %Gd-9 %F-SnO2 films were grown from tin chloride solutions by the ultrasonic spray technique on ordinary microscope glass substrates heated to a fixed temperature of 450 ◦C for photocatalytic application. The microstructural characterization of the thin films obtained was performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), SEM, EDAX, and Infrared Spectroscopy (IR). The optical properties of thin films were studied by UV–Visible spectroscopy. To examine the electrical properties, we use the four-point method, the Seebeck effect and the Mott Shottky analysis. X-ray difraction reveals the formation of the routile phase of SnO2 in all thin films with average crystallite size estimated in the range of 24–62 nm. The co-doping in (Gd-F) permitted an improvement of the thermoelectric properties of SnO2. Moreover, we have demonstrated that an increase in grain size allows toimprove the Seebeck coefficient, to increase the electrical conductivity, on the other hand the doping in (Gd), presents a decrease in the size of the crystallites, which improves the degradation of methyl blue. The UV–Visible spectra of optical transmission of the layers show that the pure, doped and codoped SnO2 films are of good quality with a transmittance of 73–83% in the visible and have an optical gap evaluated between 3.89, 3.98 and 3.99 eV respectively