boundary conditions; distribution models; FG sandwich plates; harmonic thermal load; thermodynamic bending; Winkler/Pasternak/Kerr foundation

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This paper presents an analytical formulation to investigate functionally graded porous beams’ nonlinear thermal buckling performance under various boundary conditions. The current model incorporates innovative cinematic techniques with the focus on the stretching effect and the iteration techniques. The material properties of the porous FG beams are temperature-dependent and vary according to a simple powerlaw distribution. The validity of the present theory’ results is confirmed by comparing them with those obtained by other researchers. The findings demonstrate that the critical buckling temperature in TD and TID ranges from 1.03 to 1.27% for a uniform distribution and 1 to 1.47% for linear and non-linear distributions. Conversely, for regular porosity variation, the critical buckling temperatures fluctuate between 0.99 and 1.74%, and between 0.99 and 1.59% for porosity variation. Furthermore, the influence of boundary conditions becomes more pronounced when the nonlinear temperature difference is high