The Algerian Populism Rhetoric “The growth of populism theories locally and their relationship to the disintegration of Bouteflika’s regime”

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University of ‘Abbes Laghrour’ Khenchela
Abstract This thesis aims to study and analyze populism discourse in Algeria, focusing on its social and political effects. Where populism discourse uses simple language and an approach that targets public feelings, relies on harsh criticism of the political elite and state institutions, which has contributed to the exacerbation of social and political conditions. This study used a descriptive analytical methodology, it included a review of previous literature, an analysis of political and media discourses, in addition to conducting interviews with specialized professors. The study found that Algerian populist discourse is characterized by its focus on national identity, its selection of the political elite, and its provision of quick solutions to complex problems. Among the factors that contributed to its spread are the deteriorating economic conditions, political corruption, and social and political crises. This negatively affected social cohesion and public policies, which increased polarization and division within society. To confront this phenomenon, the study recommends enhancing education and critical thinking, improving the role of the media in providing reliable information and combating fake news. Keywords: Algerian populist discourse; Abdelaziz Bouteflika; Popular protests; corruption; the Algerian movement.