The Generic Organization of The Problem Statement in Master’s Dissertations Written By Algerian EFL Students.

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Abstract This study focuses on conducting a genre analysis of problem statements in EFL dissertations within the Algerian context, specifically at the Department of English, Abbess Laghrour University. The research aims to evaluate genre adherence, identify rhetorical moves, and assess student proficiency in writing the problem statement section in their dissertations. The research methodology adopts a mixed-methods design, incorporating corpus analysis of 30 randomly selected dissertations from the university's archive, as well as a questionnaire administered to master's level students at the same university. A non-probabilistic random sampling method was employed for selecting participants for the questionnaire. The CARS (Create a Research Space) model is utilized as a framework for data analysis. The primary objectives of this research are to investigate the extent to which the rhetorical structure outlined in Swales' CARS model is adhered to in the problem statement section of EFL master's dissertations and to identify the common rhetorical moves and strategies employed by EFL master's students in their problem statements. The analysis reveals a lack of adherence to the CARS model, particularly in terms of establishing a research territory, identifying a niche, and occupying that niche. It suggests that students may not possess sufficient awareness of the various rhetorical moves required for an appropriate problem statement. Educators are recommended to introduce the Swales' CARS model to EFL master's students, providing explanations and examples to help them understand the purpose of the model and the different rhetorical moves involved. Clear guidance should be provided to assist students in effectively structuring and presenting their problem statements.